Tiara of Empress Farah part of the Royal Jewels of Iran
The lower band containing diamonds which is shaped like a heart, is built of platinum. There are two rows of yellow, pink and clear diamonds on top of it. There are seven large emeralds framed by diamonds on very top of the tiara.
The gems used in this tiara are a combination of the old and new. The brilliant cut diamonds were probably re cut in the 19th century from loose Indian diamonds which were in the treasury. The emeralds are probably from South America though they were cut sometime before Nader Shah's campaign in India. The diamonds surrounding the emeralds are probably from South Africa.
The largest emerald, located in the center of the top row, is 65 cts. and the smallest ones on the ends of the row are 10 cts. each. The two largest diamonds are approximately 15 cts. each.This tiara was designed by Harry Winston.
Hat Decoration of Fathali Shah part of the Crown Jewels of Iran
The gem stones on this hat decoration consist of spinels, rubies, and diamonds mounted on gold with a silver frame. Total height: 13.5 cm. The largest diamond is 10 ctsand the the largest spinel is 50 cts.
Diamond necklace, brooch, earrings Empress Catherine I of Russia.
This suite of diamond jewelry comprising a necklace, brooch, and pair of earrings has adorned royalties of different countries for the past 300 years. Its first owner was Empress Catherine I of Russia. She gave it to Sultan Ahmed III in return for peace when the Ottoman Army surrounded her near Pruth River in 1711 during the Great Northern War. In the late 19th century the set left its Ottoman home and went to Emine Hanim, the wife of the Egyptian Khedive(a regional ruler) as a gift. The last royal owner was Princess Neslishah Abdul Moneim the wife of Hanims grandson who gave it to Christies London in 1963 and was bought by a European collector.
Nader Shah's Shield
Nader Shah carried this shield into battle during this campaigns in India. It is assumed that the gems were added to it at a later date in his honor. The shield is supposedly made of rhinoceros hide and has a diameter of 46 cm. It is covered with spinels, emeralds, diamonds, and rubies. Even the edge of the shield which is not visible in the picture is studded with emeralds. The center spinel is one of the largest in the world, weighing 225 cts. The four emeralds surrounding the center spinel cover screw holes that attach straps to the back of the shield allowing the Shah to securely hold it during battle.The largest emerald on the shield weighs 140 cts. Most of the diamonds range from 6 to 8 cts.