OK, I have never hand-washed ANY of my scarves, I dry-clean them, with a VERY particular dry-cleaning firm. I do this VERY infrequently, to preserve the scarf and the environment! (We have a huge hole above our beautiful country in the ozone layer!)... Anyway, I decided I would try this hand-washing thing....and the scarf I chose was my newly received "Japonaise" scarf! I know, I know...of all the scarves I own, and I experiment on what is most likely the most collectible AND the most expensive in the collection....but I digress. The previous owner had ironed the hems flat, and there was a very small make-up mark....I hand washed using a special silk wash, in very cool water - lo and behold, the mark disappeard! I have ironed it with a HOT steam iron, just now (everything fine) and re-rolled the hems plump. As fleurs told us in a previous thread, re-rolling the hems is a labour of love, and very time consuming, but SO worth it! The scarf looks even more fabulous than when I received it this morning, smells fresh, and ha re-vamped hems! For all you girls with accidental flat-hems, I recoimmend this...even if you just wet the hems in cold water (I used filtered for the whole process) and roll, then let dry - FABULOUS! Just wanted to share my experience for the scarfies here!