Here is a response from the OP: my response to the thread: thank you everyone for your input. the advice from CM was exactly what I was looking for. with this friend of mine....i actually think he got a case. in terms of financial loss...i can't say there's any on paper. but his friend became less and less confident. his work load is like 2 people's workload. the boss would stop by his desk at 4pm and demand something the next day morning, or stop by his desk at 9 am and expect something afternoon..that's his regular life. and recently he's working with a manager so the boss bothers him less but the boss would always make sure he's a little potato to the team and to the client. ....as far as i know. he's very stressed. so i would say it's more of a impact in his health...we have known each other years...and he's less sharp (quite significantly..but who can prove that) than i first met him. he told me either his kidney or liver got bubbles. it went from 2 bubbles to 4 bubbles...sometimes even i had a hard time understanding him. and he once got ulcer and gone to hospital. nothing is tangible..... the fact that he wouldn't stand up for himself is 10000000 times worse than this evil boss... btw, the few people sit down with the boss is not going to work. we all need our pay checks and we can't fight for him. most of us are able to defend ourselves...the boss would back off a little...it's a little stressful (understatement) to deal with evil but much easier to deal with than find a new job at this current market. oh i missed something: like you already know...the boss is racist so there're only the very very few of us....he can afford to replace the few of us. my friend wants to be laid off but the boss is keeping him as a punching bag. he wants to take 3 months off with unemployment sit home and rest before move on to the next thing. i told him he can just relax and not making the deadline but he said that's not who he is. i told him his one foot is already in the coffin...no body cares who he is. he's very stubborn and spineless. not a very good combo in characters.